Tamsui Old Gun Emplacement Monument-SB20: 35.11.14
紙本鋼筆Pen on paper
As the smoke of gunpowder had disappeared from the age-old battlefield, the run-down site of the remains is tranquil and peaceful. The thundering of cannons from the French and Japanese armed forces had quieted down several decades ago, and Hobe Fortress (i.e. Tamsui Old Gun Emplacement) is a desolate scene with debris. An explosion had gone off at the back of the wall, and the ruins of the collapsed fortress still existed in the year when Chen Cheng-po made this sketch.1 The line of vision crosses over the fortress wall to meet the rooftop of the house located on the nearby golf course, and there are birds flying in the clear blue sky. In the farthest background, two mountains have witnessed the changes in history. There have been tremendous changes in the human world, whereas the mountains remain verdant.
1. 滬尾砲臺Hobe Fortress
Constructed during the Sino-French War, Hobe Fortress was bombarded and damaged by the French army.2 After the war, Liu Ming-chuan (the first inspector-general in Taiwan) commissioned a German technician to restore the Fortress and inscribed the name of the Fortress as Pei Men Suo Yao (i.e. the Gateway to Northern Taiwan). The design of the Fortress and the workmanship were advanced techniques brought in from Europe in the late 19th century. However, the Fortress was abolished by the colonialist government in the Japanese rule period.
12 inch Gun in Tamsui Fort. 參閱James W. Davidson（達飛聲）, The Island of Formosa: Past and Present, 1903, p.311.
Formerly a quadrangle-style barracks was situated in the Fortress to be quartered with soldiers. In the Japanese rule period, the increasingly run-down Fortress became a distinctive view on the landscape illustrated in the tourist manuals, which broadened its appeal among visitors.3 In 1935, when Chen Cheng-po made this sketch, the barracks in the Fortress was reduced to a broken wall as depicted in his picture. The remains of the barracks can still be seen in the Fortress.
Source: A Project to Renovate or Reuse Hobe Fortress, a Nationally Designated Heritage Site in Taipei County, p. 59.
Source: A Project to Renovate or Reuse Hobe Fortress, a Nationally Designated Heritage Site in Taipei County, p. 57.
3. 高爾夫球場的歐式房舍The European-style House on the Golf Course
The house with half of its rooftop sticking out from behind the fortress wall and groves is the guildhall of Tamsui Golf Course, which was also a social club for wealthy merchants and celebrities in the Japanese rule period. Mimaki Toshio, an entrepreneur of the time, made this description: Surrounded by Ta-tun Mountain and Guanyin Mountain, the Golf Course has old trees and cool breeze, where one can also enjoy the view of overlooking sailboats roaming on the river. In a word, the Golf Course has too many beautiful things to be fully appreciated.
An old map of Tamsui, an aerial photo taken by the American army, 1945/06/17
1939, 岡田紅陽撮影, 臺湾囯立公園寫真集, 淡水ゴルフハウス
Photographer Okada Kōyō, “Tamsui ,” A Photo Album of National Parks in Taiwan, 1939.
4. 老虎窗Dormer Window
The triangular skylight projecting from a sloping roof is a dormer window (called “tiger window” in Chinese).4 Some Western-style buildings at Tamsui, such as George L. Mackay’s former residence and Oxford College, have similar designs. However, probably for the sake of lighting, the window of the Western-style building is much larger.
理學堂大書院 Oxford College
馬偕故居 George L. Mackay’s former residence
An old photograph of Tamsui. A building to the left also has a dormer window projecting from the roof.
5. 親子Parent and Child
The scene of a little girl wearing a hat together with an adult propping an open umbrella is prevalent in the works by Chen Cheng-po. These two staffage are also put side by side in his distinguished oil paintings like the Summer Street Scene and Chiayi Street Scene.
6. 面天山與向天山Mian-tian Shan and Xiang-tian Shan
Looking far into the east from Hobe Fortress, you will find two perfectly round hilltops called Mian-tian Shan and Xiang-tian Shan (i.e. the twin peaks facing the sky); they belong to a group of volcanic peaks in the Ta-tun Mountain area. To the left, the lower and smaller hilltop is Ba-la-ka Shan. Tu Tsung-ming, the first Doctor of Medicine in the Japanese rule period, was born at Che-cheng, a small village at the foot of Ba-la-ka Shan.
Peak finder viewpoint 淡水