陳澄波生於1895年的臺灣嘉義。1924年3月考入東京美術學校圖畫師範科,並在三年級時(1926年),以油畫作品〈嘉義街外(一)〉入選帝國美術展覽會,成為臺籍畫家中的第一人。

1927年,再入同校師範科當研究生。1929年畢業後,即前往上海任教,除和藝壇人士密切交往外,在個人的創作上,也展開了極具實驗性質的多方嘗試,包括「中西融和」的畫法和「前衛思潮」的探索。

1933年,陳澄波返回臺灣定居,次年,便結合全島畫友組成「臺陽美術協會」,成為迄今仍然活躍的全臺最大民間美術團體。而在創作上,也拋棄一切束縛,盡情地發揮自我的熱情,為故鄉留下大批動人的畫作。

1945年,二次大戰結束,國民政府接收臺灣,陳澄波積極宣導美術,並計畫籌建美術學校。1947年受228事件牽連而罹難,得年53歲。

Chen Cheng-po was born on 1895 in Chiayi, Taiwan. In March 1924, he was admitted into the Art Teacher Training Department of the Tokyo School of Fine Arts. During the third year of his studies (1926), his oil painting Outside Chiayi Street (1) was selected for the Imperial Fine Arts Academy Exhibition. Chen was the first Taiwanese painter to have obtained such an honor.

In 1927, he continued to pursue his studies at the Teacher Training Department of the Tokyo School of Fine Arts. Upon his graduation in 1929, Chen Cheng-po went straight to Shanghai to take up a teaching post. Apart from his close association with art circles, he also experimented extensively in his own creative process. This included the integration of Chinese and Western painting skills and the exploration of avant-garde trends.

In 1933, he returned to settle down in Taiwan from Shanghai. In 1934, he founded the Tai Yang Art Exhibition with a group of painting enthusiasts from all over the island. The exhibition was the largest non-official art organization in Taiwan and one that has remained active to this day. During this period, Chen had freed himself from all restraints and expressed his inner passions without reserve in his works, a legacy of painting masterpieces of his homeland.

In 1945, the World War Ⅱ came to an end and Taiwan was returned to the Nationalist Government. He was actively involved in promoting art and planned to establish an art school. Chen Cheng-po was only 53 years old when the 228 Incident in 1947 claimed his life.